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Michigan Track & Field Hall of Fame

carr.jpg (15790 bytes)
photo courtesy of Track & Field News

Career Progression

Career Races

Article: Henry Carr: King of the Furlong

The Track & Field News accounts of:
his gold medal race at 200m
his gold medal anchor of the 4 x 400m

Henry Carr
Detroit Northwestern High School 1961

As a high school senior, Henry Carr clocked 9.5 for 100 yards (only 17 men in the world sprinted faster that year). In the 220y dash, completely run on the straightaway as was typically done back then, he clocked 20.6. In a wind-aided race in Detroit on May 18, 1961, he blistered a 20.0 clocking.

Running for Arizona State, Carr captured the 1963 NCAA title at 200m in 20.5. The same year he ran 20.69w to tie with Paul Drayton for the USA title. Twice that year he ran World Records: an unratified 20.4 for 200m, and a 20.3 for 220y just three days later in a college three-way meet. He also developed into a force at 400 meters, clocking 45.4 that summer, a time that made him the No. 6 man in history.

In 1964, Carr ran even faster, hitting a WR 20.2 for 220y in a dual between Arizona State and the SC Striders. At the Final Olympic Trials, Carr was assured of an Olympic spot as long as he "demonstrated fitness". He only finished 4th, and his selection to the team for the Tokyo Olympics was a controversial one.

In Tokyo, Carr came through by winning the gold medal in the 200 in 20.36, an Olympic Record. "I didn't think it was that fast," he said. "This was the easiest of my races." He came back to anchor the United States team to victory in the 4 x 400, his 44.5 anchor--the fastest of the race--finishing off a World Record 3:00.7 for the Americans.

Michael Johnson wasn't the first man who could sprint both the 200 and the 400 well. Many experts feel that, had the schedule allowed a double, Carr would have won gold medals in both events some 32 years before Johnson completed the historic double in Atlanta.

Career Progression

year 100 200 400
1958-HS
1959-HS 9.7y 21.0y, 20.8yw
1960-HS 9.6y 20.6y
1961-HS 9.5y, 9.4yw 20.6y, 20.0yw 47.8y
1962-ASU 9.4y, 10.3 20.1y (straight)
1963-ASU 9.3y, 10.0w 20.3y, 20.69w 45.4
1964-ASU 9.3y, 10.2 20.36 46.0y

y=yard mark; w=wind-aided. Note: Carr's high school 220 times were all run on the straightaway

Career Races

Originally compiled by Peter Matthews and Don Potts, and published by Track Newsletter. The following is believed to be as complete a chronology of the track and field career of Henry Carr as is available. Only his major feats are known during his high school days, but the record of his competition from 1962 (when he became a student at Arizona is assumed to be complete.

20.8w	220ys	1	Dual	Detroit	5/ 7/59
21.0h	220ys 1 Detroit City Champs Detroit	6/ 2/59
9.7 100y	1 Detroit City Champs Detroit	6/ 2/59
9.6h	100y	1	HS Championships	Detroit	5/28/60
?	100y	?	HS Championships	Detroit	5/28/60
20.6	220ys 1	Detroit City Champs	Detroit	6/ 9/60
48.3	440y 1	Dual	Detroit	4/26/61
23-4.5 LJ	?	?	?	/61
9.5	100y	1	Dual	Detroit	5/ 4/61
47.8	440y	1	Dual	Detroit	5/11/61
9.4w	100y	1	Triangular	Detroit	5/18/61
20.0w	220ys	1	Triangular	Detroit	5/18/61
20.6	220ys	1	League	Detroit	6/ 2/61
9.6	100y	1	vs Arizona, Oregon St	Tempe	3/17/62
20.9	220ys	2	vs Arizona, Oregon St	Tempe	3/17/62
(1. Hubie Watson)
9.5	100y	1	vs Colorado	Tempe	4/ 5/62
20.5	220ys	1	vs Colorado	Tempe	4/ 5/62
9.5	100y	1	vs New Mexico	Tempe	4/18/62
20.4	220ys	1	vs New Mexico	Tempe	4/18/62
9.5	100y	1	Mt SAC Relays	Walnut	4/28/62
9.4	100y	1	vs Arizona	Tempe	5/ 5/62
20.1	220ys	1	vs Arizona	Tempe	5/ 5/62
10.3	100m	3	Coliseum Relays	Los Angeles	5/18/62
(1. Bob Hayes; 2. Frank Budd)
9.4h	100y	1	California Relays	Modesto	5/26/62
9.5	100y	2	Compton Invitational	Compton	6/ 2/62
6.2i	60y	3	LA Times Invitational	Los Angeles	2/ 9/63
(1. Carper; 2. Cortese)
6.2i	60y	2	Golden Gate Invitational	San Francisco	2/15/63
(1. Carper)
9.6	100y	1	vs Arizona, Oxy	Tucson	3/ 9/63
20.6	220yt	1	vs Arizona, Oxy	Tucson	3/ 9/63
9.8	100y	1	?	?	/63
21.5	220y	1	?	?	/63
9.5	100y	1	vs New Mexico	Albuquerque	3/16/63
20.6	220yt	1	vs New Mexico	Albuquerque	3/16/63
9.6	100y	1	?	Tempe	3/19/63
20.4	200mt	1	?	Tempe	3/19/63
(short course: 218y, 6 in; 200m)
24-1.75	LJ	1	?	Tempe	3/19/63
9.5	100y	1	vs USC, Arizona	Tempe	3/23/63
20.3	220yt	1	vs USC, Arizona	Tempe	3/23/63
23-9	LJ	2	vs USC, Arizona	Tempe	3/23/63
9.8	100y	1	vs Oklahoma	Tempe	3/26/63
21.3	220yt	1	vs Oklahoma	Tempe	3/26/63
9.5	100y	1	vs Striders	Tempe	4/13/63
10.0w	100m	2	Mt SAC Relays	Walnut	4/27/63
9.6	100y	1	vs Arizona	Tucson	5/ 4/63
20.5	220yt	1	vs Arizona	Tucson	5/ 4/63
20.8	220yt	2	Coliseum Relays	Los Angeles	5/17/63
(1. Bob Hayes)
20.4h	220yt	1	Western Athletic Conference	Tempe	5/25/63
20.5	220yt	1	Western Athletic Conference	Tempe	5/25/63
9.4h	100y	1	Western Athletic Conference	Tempe	5/25/63
9.3	100y	1	Western Athletic Conference	Tempe	5/25/63
9.4wh	100y	1	NCAA	Albuquerque	6/13/63
9.5sf	100y	1	NCAA	Albuquerque	6/13/63
20.7h	220yt	1	NCAA	Albuquerque	6/13/63
20.9sf	220yt	1	NCAA	Albuquerque	6/14/63
9.7	100y	2	NCAA	Albuquerque	6/15/63
(1. Larry Questad)
20.5	220yt	1	NCAA	Albuquerque	6/15/63
20.9h	220yt	1	AAU	St Louis	6/22/63
20.6sf	220yt	1	AAU	St Louis	6/22/63
20.4w	220yt	=1	AAU	St Louis	6/22/63
(=1. Paul Drayton)
10.3	100m	1	Women's AAU Invitational	Dayton	7/ 6/63
20.9	200mt	1	vs USSR	Moscow	7/21/63
20.8	200mt	1	vs Poland	Warsaw	7/27/63
45.4	400m	1	vs West Germany	Hanover	7/21/63
20.9	220yt	1	vs Great Britain	London	8/ 3/63
9.4w	100y	1	vs Arizona	Tempe	3/ 7/64
19.8	210y	1	vs Arizona	Tempe	3/ 7/64
9.4	100y	1	vs New Mexico	Tempe	3/14/64	
20.8	220yt	1	vs New Mexico	Tempe	3/14/64
9.5	100y	1	vs USC, Arizona	Tucson	3/21/64
20.7	220yt	1	vs USC, Arizona	Tucson	3/21/64
9.5	100y	1	vs Oklahoma	Tempe	3/24/64
20.7	220yt	1	vs Oklahoma	Tempe	3/24/64
9.6	100y	2	vs Colorado	Tempe	4/ 2/64
(1. Hester; Carr planned a dead heat, however Hester didn't!)
21.1	220yt	1	vs Colorado	Tempe	4/ 2/64
9.5	100y	1	vs Striders	Tempe	4/ 4/64
20.2	220yt	1	vs Striders	Tempe	4/ 4/64
9.4	100y	1	vs Camp Pendleton	Tempe	4/16/64
21.0	220yt	1	Drake Relays	Des Moines	4/24/64
21.0	220yt	1	vs Arizona	Tempe	5/ 2/64
10.2	100m	2	Coliseum Relays	Los Angeles	5/15/64
(1. Dick Stebbins)
20.6	200mt	1	Coliseum Relays	Los Angeles	5/15/64
9.4h	100y	1	Western Athletic Conference	Salt Lake City	5/22/64
20.5h	220yt	1	Western Athletic Conference	Salt Lake City	5/22/64
9.3	100y	1	Western Athletic Conference	Salt Lake City	5/23/64
20.4	220yt	1	Western Athletic Conference	Salt Lake City	5/23/64
9.6	100y	1	Arizona AAU	Tempe	5/30/64
22.5	220yt	1	Arizona AAU	Tempe	5/30/64
10.3	100m	1	Compton Invitational	Compton	6/ 5/64
20.5	200mt	1	Compton Invitational	Compton	6/ 5/64
21.2h	200mt	1	AAU	New Brunswick	6/28/64
20.8sf	200mt	1	AAU	New Brunswick	6/28/64
20.6	200mt	1	AAU	New Brunswick	6/28/64
21.2h	200mt	2	Eastern Olympic Trial	New York	7/ 4/64
(1. Dick Stebbins)
20.7	200mt	1	Eastern Olympic Trial	New York	7/ 4/64
20.7	200mt	1	Weltklasse	Cologne	7/ 8/64
10.3h	100m	1	Weltklasse	Cologne	7/ 8/64
10.3	100m	1	Weltklasse	Cologne	7/ 8/64
9.5	100y	1	Invitational	Dublin	7/15/64
21.2	220yt	1	Invitational	Dublin	7/15/64
9.6wh	100y	1	AAA Champs	London	7/10/64
21.5wh	220yt	1	AAA Champs	London	7/10/64
21.2wsf	220yt	2	AAA Champs	London	7/10/64
(1. Campbell)
9.7sf	100y	1	AAA Champs	London	7/10/64
10.3	100m	1	vs USSR	Los Angeles	7/25/64
20.5	200mt	1	vs USSR	Los Angeles	7/25/64
20.8	200mt	4	Final Olympic Trials	Los Angeles	9/13/64
(1. Paul Drayton; 2. Dick Stebbins; 3. Bob Hayes)
21.1h	200mt	2	Olympic Games	Tokyo	10/16/64
(1. Heinz Schumann)
21.1qf	200mt	1	Olympic Games	Tokyo	10/16/64
20.6sf	200mt	1	Olympic Games	Tokyo	10/17/64
20.3	200mt	1	Olympic Games	Tokyo	10/17/64
10.6	100m	1	Invitational	Sydney	11/ 1/64
21.1	200mt	1	Invitational	Sydney	11/ 1/64
46.0	440y	1	Invitational	Melbourne	11/ 7/64

 

Relay Legs Which Carr Ran

48.6	3:10.6	2 Leg	vs New Mexico	Tempe	4/18/62
20.3	1:24.1	4 Leg	Mt SAC Relays Walnut	4/28/62
46.6	3:07.5	2 Leg	Mt SAC Relays Walnut	4/28/62
47.5	3:10.0	2 Leg	West Coast Relays	Fresno	5/12/62
20.3	1:24.0	4 Leg	Coliseum Relays	Los Angeles	5/18/62 
45.5	3:06.1	2 Leg	Coliseum Relays	Los Angeles	5/18/62
45.7	3:06.4 2 Leg	California Relays	Modesto	5/26/62 
45.7	3:05.7	2 Leg	Compton Invitational	Compton	6/ 2/62 
? in	3:22.4	1 Leg	LA Times Invitational	Los Angeles	2/ 9/63 
51.5i	3:19.0 1 Leg	Golden Gate Inv	San Francisco	2/15/63 
? in	3:09.2	2 Leg	Long Beach Relays	Long Beach	3/ 2/63 
?	3:08.7	?	vs New Mexico	Albuquerque	3/16/63 
?	3:12.7	?	?	Tempe	3/19/63 
46.0	3:07.2	2 Leg	vs USC	Tempe	3/23/63 
45.3	3:06.3	2 Leg	Easter Relays	Santa Barbara	3/30/63 
45.5	3:05.9	2 Leg vs Striders	Tempe	4/13/63 
45.1	3:04.5 2 Leg	Mt SAC Relays	Walnut	4/27/63 
19.8	1:22.9 4 Leg	West Coast Relays	Fresno	5/11/63 
47.6	3:10.3 4 Leg	West Coast Relays	Fresno	5/11/63 
45.4	3:05.2 2 Leg	Coliseum Relays	Los Angeles	5/17/63 
44.9	3:05.3 2 Leg	USTFF	Houston	6/ 8/63 
44.5m 3:04.4 4 Leg	vs USSR	Moscow	7/21/63 
44.7m	3:03.6	4 Leg	vs Poland	Warsaw	7/27/63 
44.3m	3:02.8	4 Leg	vs W Germany	Hanover	8/ 1/63
? in	3:22.6	1 Leg	LA Invitational	Los Angeles	1/18/63 
?	1:26.3	4 Leg	Arizona Invitational	Tucson	2/22/64 
46.5 3:13.6	3 Leg	Long Beach Relays	Long Beach	2/29/64 
44.9 3:10.1	4 Leg	vs Camp Pendleton	Tempe	4/16/64 
45.3m	3:03.4	2 Leg	vs USSR	Los Angeles	7/25/64 
45.8m	3:05.3	1 Leg	Olympic Games	Tokyo	10/20/64 
44.5m	3:00.7	4 Leg	Olympics	Tokyo	10/21/64 
?	1:24.1	1 Leg	vs Commonw, Japan	Osaka	10/23/64

Henry Carr: King of the Furlong

by Jack Barlow

(Reprinted from Track Newsletter with permission; originally appeared in Athletics Weekly-1965)

Most track fans agree that during the past two years or so, Bob Hayes proved himself beyond any doubt the world's "fastest" human sprinter. But was he also the "greatest" dashman on earth during this period? The answer to this question, one feels, is not so certain, for surely the would-be claimant to the title of the "greatest" speed merchant must possess the finest all-round sprinting abilities and in this respect Hayes' elegant teammate and fellow champion on the 1964 U. S. Olympic Squad, Henry Carr, appears to fill the bill almost to perfection.

Consider the fact that since 1962 this stately 6'3" tall, 185 lb. athlete has authentically recorded personal best times of 9.3 for the 100 yards, 10.2 for 100 meters, 20.1 for 220 yards straight, 20.2 for 220 yards around a turn, 45.4 for 400 meters, and 46.0 flat for 440 yards, and one realizes that here, surely, is a man who must rank higher than even the famed Jamaican, Herb McKenley, in versatile sprinting prowess.

Disregarding Carr's astonishing powers over 440 yards there are those who maintain that his fabulous deeds at 220 yards alone must place him on a par with Hayes, since the furlong is often regarded as the greater test of true sprinting ability. So prolific has been the string of fast half-lap marks recorded by Henry that it is hard to believe that less than two years have elapsed since he first startled the track world by breaking the world's 220 yards turn record twice within four days as a 19-year-old sophomore at Arizona State University.

Both these times were accomplished at Tempe, Arizona in respective dual matches against Utah and Southern California on March 19th and March 23rd, 1963. In the first meet Carr tore around the curve in 20.4, but was to learn later than upon remeasurement the course was found to be 18 inches short. He had, in fact, run just over 200 meters. On the second occasion, there were no such error' in groundsmanship as Henry blasted round the curve in a sensational 20.3 to knock a fifth off the official world mark then held jointly by Britain's Peter Radford and America's Paul Drayton. At each of these meets Carr, it should be remembered, contested five events; the 100 and 220 yards sprints, the long jump and a leg in both 440 yards and one mile relays, full details of which are listed below:

March 19th: 100y 9.6, 220y 20.4, LJ-24-1.75, 110y relay leg, 440y relay leg.

March 23rd: 100y 9.5, 220y 20.3, LJ 23-9, 110y relay leg, 440y relay leg 46.0.

Since then this handsome young man from Alabama, who was born the ninth child of a family of twelve in Montgomery on November 27th, 1942, has put together the finest set of 200 meter/220 yards performances in track history including authentic full turn marks over the full furlong of 20.2, 20.3, 20.4 (three times) and 20.5 (thee times), plus a 20.3, a 20.4 and two 20.5's at the metric distance.

The high water mark--from a stopwatch point of view--was, of course, his world "220" record of 20.2 on his favorite track at Tempe on April 4th, 1964, where he was matched against no less a person than Adolph Plummer, the world's record holder at 440 yards and yet won by almost six yards. Equal to approximately 20.1 for 200 meters, it is interesting to observe that according to the Portuguese Tables this mark merits a total of 1,035 points and is thus worth the equivalent of running a 100 meters in 9.9 or, to take another of the momentum events, 110 meters hurdles in 12.9.

Beaten only twice (in finals) throughout 1963 and 1964, once by Bob Hayes who won in 20.8 (220y) to 20.9 at the 1963 Coliseum Relays in Los Angeles and once by Paul Drayton in 1964 when he slumped alarmingly to 4th place in the U.S. Final Olympic Trials in Los Angeles last September (Hayes being 3rd), Carr's competitive record left little to be desired. Probably his most serious rival was Drayton who actually tied with Henry for the 1963 National A.A.U. 220 yards championship in a windy 20.4. Yet the win-loss tally shows that Carr won 7 of their 9 races over 200m/220y during 1963 and 1964, as the following detailed list shows:

1963:

AAU Chmps., St. Louis (tie) 220y Carr 20.4w Drayton 20.4w (=1)

USSR v USA, Moscow 200m Carr 20.9 Drayton 21.3 (2)

Poland v USA, Warsaw 200m Carr 20.8 Drayton 21.0 (2)

Gt. Britain v USA, Lond. 200m Carr 20.9 Drayton 21.2 (2)

1964:

AAU Chmps. New Bruns 200m Carr 20.6 Drayton 20.6 (2)

Olympic Semi-Tr, New Y 200m Carr 20.7 Drayton 21.0 (3)

USA v USSR, Los Angel 200m Carr 20.5 Drayton 21.0 (2)

Olympic Trials, LA 200m Drayton 20.4 Carr 20.8 (4)

Olympic Games, Tokyo 200m Carr 20.3 Drayton 20.5 (2)

Despite the fact that Hayes did finish ahead of Carr in two of their three half-lap clashes, any supposition that Bob held the edge even at this distance was surely dispelled in their revenge 200 meters race at the 1964 Coliseum Relays where Carr came from two yards down at the head of the stretch to finish two yards up at the tape to clinch a classic victory in 20.6.

As a valid 9.3 100 yards/10.2 100 meters performer "Old Henry" would no doubt have ruled supreme over these two shorter sprint distances in any other country bar his own, a fact which rakes all the more incredible to relate that it was over the quarter-mile that his most exciting future possibilities lay. The first indications of his potential here were revealed in relay stints for Arizona State University in the spring of 1963 when it was found that Carr was actually running his "440" stages, as fast or faster than the team's crack man, Ulis Williams, the 1962 and 1963 AAU champion. The Arizona squad's illustrious feats that season culminated in a world record one mile relay mark of 3:04.5 at Walnut, California in April, to which Carr's contribution was a nifty 45.1.

Henry's personal culmination as a quarter-miler, however, came later when he was called upon to run in both the individual 400 meters and in the 1600 meters relay against West Germany in Hanover. The result, to say the least, was illuminating. In the "440"-- his first and only individual race at the distance that year--he out-classed Germany's sub-46 sec. man, Manfred Kinder, to win in 45.4 and set the world's fastest time for 1963. The following day in a hotly contested relay won by the U.S. in a fast 3:02.8, Carr romped the final circuit in a fantastic 44.3 to bring his team home within 0.6 seconds of the then standing world mark.

As events have turned out, Carr, potentially perhaps the greatest quarter-miler the world has ever seen, was only twice more to show his paces over one full lap--as anchor man in that stupendous Olympic 1600 meter relay in Tokyo and, finally, during a short Australian tour last November when he almost nonchalantly won a 46.0 440 yards (45.6 at 400 meters) in Melbourne.

In Tokyo it was interesting to observe that the U. S. coach, Bob Giegengack, was persuaded to reverse the American team's order of running in the final by allowing Carr (who ran first in the heats) to take the anchor leg "so as to be sure of winning". Such was the faith bestowed upon a man who, after all, was never really anything more than an occasionally converted 200 meter specialist, and yet who, had not the offer of big money lured him away from track to professional football, might well have approached to the very threshold of an "even time" quarter mile [44.0].

200 METER DASH: Carr Was Ready: 20.3

The Track & Field News account of his 200m performance in the Tokyo Olympics; used by permission

by Cordner Nelson
With eight men in the final this year, plus a strong field and some doubts about the condition of certain sprinters, this promised to be a wide-open event, full of surprises, and the first-round heats failed to clarify the situation. Paul Drayton opened with an unnecessarily strong 20.7 but he had run fast earlier only to lose in the New York Trials. Darkhorse Seraphino Antao of Kenya, Commonwealth champion, ran only 21.5 but qualified with ten yards to spare. Marian Foik, Poland's veteran who peaked late this year as in 1960 looked strong in beating Sergio Ottolina, Italy's potential gold medalist. Harry Jerome had proven his condition with his bronze medal in the 100 and his fifth heat 20.9 showed he was a threat here. Right with him in 20.9 was Jegathesan of Malaysia, proving himself to his many supporters. Ed Roberts of Trinidad-Tobago, who had almost won an NCAA title for North Carolina College, ran 20.8 to throw fear into American hearts. Heinz Schumann, Germany's good 100 meter man, ran 21-flat to beat Henry Carr in the seventh heat, and fears for Carr's bad back continued. In the last heat, defending champ Livio Berruti showed his comeback was to be considered seriously when he edged Dick Stebbins in 21.1. Stebbins, who had beaten Drayton at New York and everybody else at Los Angeles, appeared to be a potential medalist.

The quarter finals saw the end of Antao, who finished last in the first heat, won by Drayton in 20.9. Carr won the second in 21.0, still not running his race. The only close miss was Edvin Ozolin, USSR, who was edged for 4th in 21.4 by Franciscus Luitjes of the Netherlands in the last heat.

Drayton continued to look best, winning the first semi final in 20.5, equalling the Olympic record. Stebbins had to drive to make the first four going past Foik in the stretch. Foik, left at the start, barely beat Paul Genevay of France into the final in 20.9. In the second semi, Carr came into the stretch two yards back and drove into first place in 20.6 to beat Berruti who still looked like a potential winner. Jerome had to struggle to beat France's Roger Bambuck for fourth in 21.0.

They lined up for the final at 4:00 p.m. on October 17 in fine weather with a slight wind against them. Berruti drew the worst lane, on the pole with Ottolina next, hurting the Italians' chances . In lane three was Jerome. Then came Foik, Drayton, Stebbins, Carr, and Roberts. Thus Carr was unable to keep an eye on more than one runner. He had slept poorly because of nervousness.

Everyone started well, but it soon became obvious that Stebbins was running poorly and Carr had nothing wrong with him. Carr was running the way he had last spring, long legs stretching out fully with much power and great speed. Into the stretch he was a full yard ahead and he increased his lead by another foot or so to win in Olympic record time of 20.3. "I didn't think it was that fast, " he said. "This was the easiest of my races."

Drayton said, "I was surprised to come out of the turn behind him. If I had come out ahead I would have won." As it was, he had to drive ahead of Roberts to win the silver medal.

Berruti, wearing his dark glasses, and Ottolina ran hard around the curve, and Berruti was a strong fourth into the stretch, but Jerome fought his way past to place 4th while Ottolina faded to 8th. Stebbins, a poor last into the stretch, gained a little, almost catching Foik and Berruti.

FIRST ROUND (October 16, sunny, 19.5*C/67*F; 8 heats, 4 qualify)
I-1. Paul Drayton (US) 20.7; 2. Andrzej Zielinski (Poland) 21.2; 3. Clifton Bertrand (Trinidad) 21.3; 4. Johan DuPreez (Rhodesia) 21.4; 5. Jean-Louis Descloux (Switzerland) 21.5; 6. F. J. Gutierrez Hernandez (Colombia) 21.8; 7. Gerardo DiTolla (Peru) 22.1; 8. Somsakdi Tongauke (Thailand) 22.6 (.61mps/ 1.36mph wind)
II-1. Roger Bambuck (France) 21.2; 2. Arquimedes Herrera (Venezuela) 21.3; 3. Boris Zubov (USSR) 21.4; 4. Peter Radford (Great Britain) 21.5; 5. Erasmus Amukun (Uganda) 21.5; 6. Carlos Lorenzo Manucco (Mexico) 21.6; Levy Psawkin (Isreal) and Hideo lijima Oapan) absent. (. 24mps/.54mph wind)
III-1. Walter Campbell (Great Britain) 21.3; 2. Serafino Antao (Kenya) 21.5; 3. Csaba Csutoras (Hungary) 21.5; 4. Bouchaib El Maachi (Morocco) 21.5; 5. David Njitock (Cameroons) 22.5; 6. Wesley Johnson (Liberia) 24.7; Eric Bigby (Australia) and Pablo McNeil Jamaica) absent. (.34mps/.76mph wind)
IV-1. Marian Foik (Poland) 21.1; 2. Sergio Ottolina (Italy) 21.2; 3. Edvin Ozolin (USSR) 21.3; 4. Jeffery Smith (Northern Rhodesia) 21.7; 5. Jasim Kura ishi (Iraq) 22.6; 6. Ar-Tu Lee (Taiwan) 23.0; Enrique Figuerola (Cuba) ab sent. (.03mps/.07mph wind)
V-1. Harry Jerome (Canada) 20.9; 2. M. Jegathesan (Malaysia) 20.9; 3. Paul Genevay (France) 21.0; 4. Franciscus Luitjes (Netherlands) 21.1, 5. Heinz Erbstosser (Germany) 21.4; 6. Tegogn Bezabih (Ethiopia) 22.0; 7. A. Shahkhorenejad (Iran) 22.3; Boris Savchuk (USSR) absent. (.02mps/.05mph wind against)
VI-l. Edwin Roberts (Trinidad-Tobago) 20.8; 2. Robert Lay (Australia) 21.3; 3. P. A. Grajales Escobar (Colombia) 21.4; 4. David Ejoke (Nigeria) 21.4; 5. George Collie (Bahamas) 21.9; 6. Kenneth Powell (India) 21.9; 7. Aggrey Awori (Uganda) 22.2; 8. William Hill (Hong Kong) 22.5. (.llmps/2.48 mph wind)
VII-l. Heinz Schumann (Germany) 21.0; 2. Henry Carr (US) 21.1; 3. Jocelyn Delecour (France) 21.3; 4. Ivan Moreno (Chile) 21.5; 5. Alioune Sow (Senegal) 21.9; 6. Michael Okantey (Ghana) 21.9; 7. Rogelio Onofre (Philippines) 22.1; Tom Robinson (Bahamas) absent. (1.45mps/3.25mph wind against)
VIII-1. Livio Berruti (Italy) 21.1, 2. Richard Stebbrns (US) 21.1; 3. Friedrich Roderfeld (Germany) 21.5; 4. Gary Holdsworth (Australia) 21.6, 5. Jose Rocha (Portugal) 21.7; 6. Valeriu Jurca (Rumania) 21.8; 7. Ki-Sun Chung (Korea) 22.3; 8. J. Ravelomanantsoa (Madagascar) 22.4. (.9Omps/2.01mph wind)

SECOND ROUND (October 16, sunny, 21.0*C/70*F; 4 heats, 4 qualify)
I-1. Drayton 20.9; 2. Berruti 21.2; 3. Jegathesan 21.4; 4. Delecour 21.5; 5. Zielinski 21.5; 6. Zubov 21.8; 7. Smith 22.0; 8. Antao 22.1. (.89mps/ l.99mph wind)
II-1. Carr 21.0; 2. Ottolina 21.1; 3. Schumann 21.2; 4. Herrera 21.2; 5. Lay 21.4; 6. Csutoras 21.4, 6. Moreno 21.7; 7. DuPreez 21.8. (1.16mps/ 2.61mph wind against)
III-1. Jerome 21.2; 2. Stebbins 21.2; 3. Bambuck 21.4; 4. El Maachi 21.6; 5 Bertrand 21.6; 6. Campbell 21.7; 7. Grajales 21.7; 8. Roderfeld 22.2. (2.90mps/6.48mph wind against)
IV-1. Roberts 20.9; 2. Foik 21.0; 3. Genevay 21.3, 4. LuitJes 21.4, 5. Ozolin 21.4; 6. Radford 21.5; 7. Holdsworth 22.1; Ejoke absent. (2.16mps/ 4.85mph wind against)

SEMI-FINAL (October 17, sunny, 23.3*C/74*F; 2 heats, 4 qualify)
I-1. Drayton 20.5 (EOR); 2. Ottolina 20.7; 3. Stebbins 20.8, 4. Foik 20.9; 5. Genevay 20.9; 6. Herrera 21.0; 7. Luitjes 21.1; 8. El Maachi 21.6. (.38 mps/.84mph wind)
II-1. Carr 20.6; 2. Berruti 20.7; 3. Roberts 20.8; 4. Jerome 21.0; 5. Bambuck 21.0; 6. Schumann 21.1; 7. Delecour 21.2; 8. Jegathesan 21.2. ( 46mps/1.04mph wind)

FINAL (October 17, sunny, 22.8*C/73*F)
1. HENRY CARR (US) 20.3
2. PAUL DRAYTON (US) 20.5
3. EDWIN ROBERTS (Trinidad-Tobago) 20.6
4. HARRY JEROME (Canada) 20.7
5. LIVIO BERRUTI (Italy) 20.8
6. MARIAN FOIK (Poland) 20.8
7. RICHARD STEBBINS (US) 20.8
8. SERGIO OTTOLINA (Italy) 20.9
(.78mps/1.74mph wind against)

4x400 METER RELAY: Three Under World Mark

The Track & Field News account of his 4 x 400 anchor in the Tokyo Olympics; used by permission

by Jim Dunaway

Three heats were held on October 20, with the first two teams in each heat, plus the two fastest losers, advancing to next day's final. The field scratched down to 17 teams, but since none of the strong teams had scratched, the heats were not re-drawn. The company was fast, including 12 men who had bettered 46 seconds from a start.

In the first heat, the US, running Henry Carr, Ollan Cassell, Mike Larrabee and Ulis Williams, cruised to an easy 20-yard win over the Russians in 3:05.3, with Carr blasting 45.8 off the blocks and Williams anchoring in the same time. Jean Boccardo's 46.0 anchor brought the French team home just a yard back of the Soviets and eventually put France into the final. India, with Milkha Singh, anchoring, was fourth and out at 3:08.8.

The second heat was another runaway, with Trinidad-Tobago's four U.S. college students Ed Skinner, Kent Bernard, Ed Roberts and Wendell Mottley, running a relaxed 3:05.0 that made them look dangerous for the final (i.e., Mottley's 46.2 anchor leg was his slowest 400m of the Games). Far behind, Andrzej Badenski of Poland blazed a 45.6 anchor to beat out Italy for second, 3:07.2 to 3:07.6. Neither Italy nor Australia, fourth in a fast 3:08.2, made the final.

The third heat was a three way battle among Britain, Jamaica and Cermany. Robbie Brightwell won it for the British with a 45.6 anchor leg that passed George Kerr, Manfred Kinder also edged Kerr with a 45.3 leg that suggested what might have been if Kinder had run the 400 instead of the 800. With Britain running 3:04.7, Germany 3:04.9 and Jamaica 3:05.3, all three advanced.

Before the final, the American team huddled and suggested a new running order to coach Bob Giegengack. ..
Cassell to lead off, followed by Larrabee, Williams and Carr. Said Giegengack, "I told them they could run 2:58 with Carr leading off. But they answered that the important thing was to make sure of the gold medals, and that they knew Carr could bring the 'bay-ton' home first no matter where he got it. I bad to agree with them on both counts, so we made the change."

Next day at three o'clock, the eight lead-off men went to their marks. The staggers looked extra-long, and they were; to avoid a traffic jam after the first exchange, the second-leg men were to continue in lanes for another 100 meters, breaking for the pole after three full turns had been run. The staggers therefore, amounted to a 200 meter stagger added to a 400-meter stagger. From the inside out, the order was Germany, US, Jamaica, Trinidad, USSR, France, Poland, Great Britain.

The first leg split the race into two sections. Great Britain's Tim Graham ran the second curve hard to put his team slightly ahead of the US, Trinidad- Tobago and Jamaica at the exchange, with Russia leading the second
group about 8 yards back.
1) 45.9 Great Britain (Tim Graham 45.9)
2) 46.0 United States (Ollan Cassell 46. 0)
2) 46.0 Trinidad-Tobago (Edwin Skinner 46.0)
4) 46.1 Jamaica (Lawrence Kahn 46.1)
5) 48.8 USSR (Grigoriy Sverbyetov 46.8)
6) 47.1 Germany (Jorg Jutmer 47.1)
6) 47.1 France (Michel Hiblot 47.1)
8) 47.5 Poland (Marian Filipiuk 47.5)

Second leg: As the runners broke from their lanes in the backstretch, Adrian Metcalfe of Britain led Mike Larrabee by two yards, with Kent Bernard of Trinidad and Jamaican Mal Spence right behind. Metcalfe stretched the lead to five yards at the 200 meter mark, at which point Larrabee turned it on. He took the lead halfway down the stretch and handed Ulis Williams a 5-yard edge. Bernard also passed the tiring Metcalfe, and Mal Spence drew within a yard.
1)1:30.8 United States (Mike Larrabee 44.8)
2)1:31.2 Trinidad-Tobago (Kent Bernard 45.3)
3)1:31.4 Great Britain (Adrian Metcalfe 45.5)
4)1:31.5 Jamaica (Mel Spence 45.4)
5)1:32.8 Germany (Hans-Ulrich Schultz 45.7)
6)1:33.1 USSR (Viktor Bychkov 46.3)
7)1:33.5 France (Bernard Martin 46.4)
8)1:33 5 Poland (Ireneusz Kluczek 46.0)

Third leg: In an eight team race, the team with the lead when the baton is passed figures to gain an extra yard or two. It happened this time as Ed Roberts, taking the handoff from Bernard in second place, lost two valuable yards running around Larrabee. The 200-meter bronze medalist from Trinidad quickly recovered, though, and went flying after Williams . He actually passed Williams on the backstretch, but not by enough to cut in. Williams fought him off for the next 150 yards or so, finally pulling away only in the last 70 yards. Meanwhile, Mel Spence poured it on around the last curve and came flying down the straight to pass the surprisingly fast Cooper and draw even with Roberts at the exchange.
1) 2:16.2 United States (Uris Williams 45.4)
2) 2:16.7 Trinidad-Tobago (Edwin Roberts 45. 4)
2) 2:16.7 Jamaica (Mel Spence 45.2)
4) 2:16.8 Great Britain (John Cooper 45.4)
5) 2:18.7 Germany (Johannes Schmidt 45.9)
6) 2:19.6 USSR (Vasiliy Anisimov 46.5)
7) 2:19.8 Poland (Stanislaw Swatowsh 46.3)
8) 2:20.6 France (Germain Nelzy 47.1)

Fourth leg: After handing Carr the stick with the 5-yard lead mtact, Williams fell to the track in lane one, but his fall did not impede any of the othercontenders. Behind Carr, Kerr of Jamaica took the stick even with Trinidad's Motley; Brightwell was another yard or so back.With Motley charging the first 200 meters in his usual fashion, he and Kerr made tracks for Carr They caught him in the backstretch. . . but only for a second. Said Henry, "I figured on running the first 200 just fast enough so Mottley would have to burn himself out to catch me." Carr then moved confidently away, pouring it on in the stretch to win by nine yards in new world record time, 3:00.7. Brightwell, having discovered the folly of trying to stay with Mottley over the first 200 meters, ran his own race this time and flew down the stretch to pass Kerr and then nail Mottley, diving past him at the tape to take second by inches, despite the indicated difference in the times, 3:01.6 to 3:01.7. Kerr, slowing slightly to avoid Brightwell, finished fourth in 3:02.3.
1)3:00.7 United States (Henry Carr 44 5)
2)3:01.6 Great Britain (Robbie Brightwell 44 8)
3)3:01.7 Tnnidad-Tobago (Wendell Mottley 45.0)
4)3:02.3 Jamaica (George Kerr 45 6)
5)3:04.3 Germany (Manfred Kinder 45 6)
6)3:05.3 Poland (Andrzej Badenski 45.5)
7)3:05.9 USSR (Vadim Arkhipchuk 46.3)
8)3:07.4 France (Jean Boccardo 46.8)

Thus three teams broke the great 1960 world record of Yerman, Young, Davis and Davis, and a fourth missed it by a tenth. Germany had the misfortune to run legs of 45. 7, 45. 9, and 45.6 and lose ground--lots of it--on every one. National records were set by all finalists except Germany and France, as well as by many of the non-qualifiers in the heats.

NOTE: Because of the unusual three curve stagger, which resulted in as many as 10 lines across the track in each lane, it was difficult (if not impossible) to take splits accurately from almost anywhere in the stadium. This was expecially true for the first exchange. In addition, the Japanese inexplicably did not take of facial splits. The splits used above were compiled from a number of sources, primarily T&FN timers, plus coaches and sports journalists from several countries. In addition, numerous photos made available through the courtesy of Sports Illustrated's George Bloodgood and Neil Leifer were studied to determine the positions of various runners at each exchange, and interviews were conducted with many members of the competing teams. My thanks to all who helped.

FIRST ROUND (October 20, 15.9*C/60*F; 3 heats, 2 qualify plus two fastest losers)
I-1. US 3:05.3; 2, USSR 3:07 4; 3. France 3:07.5; 4. India 3:08.8; 5. Japan 3:12.3; 6, Senegal 3:12.5.
II-1. Trinidad-Tobago 3:05.0; 2, Poland 3:07.2; 3. Italy 3:07.6, 4. Aus tralia 3:08.2; Hungary and Iraq absent
III-1, Great Britain 3:04.7; 2 Germany 3:04.9; 3. Jamaica 3:05.3; 4. Switzerland 3:09.3; 5, Ghana 3:10.4; 6. Malaysia 3:17.6; 7. Thailand 3:18.4.

FINAL (October 21, cloudy, 20.6*C/69*F)
1. UNITED STATES 3:00.7 WR, OR
(Ollan Cassell, Mike Larrabee, Ulis Williams, Henry Carr)
2. GREAT BRITAIN 3:01.6 WR, OR
(Tim Graham, Adrian Metcalfe, John Cooper, Robbie Brightwell)
3. TRINIDAD-TOBAGO 3:01.7 WR, OR
(Edwin Skinner, Kent Bernard, Edwin Roberts, Wendell Mottley)
4 . JAMAICA 3:02.3
(Lawrence Kahn, Mal Spence, Mel Spence, George Kerr)
5. GERMANY 3:04.3
(Borg Jutmer, Hans-Ulrich Schultz, Johannes Schmidt, Manfred Kinder)
6. POLAND 3 05.3
(Marian Filipiuk, Ireneusz Kluczek, Stan Swatowski, Andrzej Badenski)
7. USSR 3:05.9
(Grigoriy Sverbyetov, Victor Bychkov, Vasiliy Anisimov, Vadim Arkhjpchuk)
8. FRANCE 3:07.4
(Michel Hiblot, Bernard Martin, Germain Nelzy, Jean Boccardo)